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TECHNOLOGY
생명공학, IT, 기계/전기전자를 융복합한 첨단 정밀 의료진단 시스템입니다.
발표논문/특허
dissertation

[2014] 질병진단 기술 (Kim JH et al., Dis Markers, 2014;634289)

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작성자 ASTA 작성일17-06-15 15:33 조회241회 댓글0건

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Mass spectrometric screening of ovarian cancer with serum glycans


Kim JH, Park CW, Um D, Baek KH, Jo Y, An H, Kim Y, Kim TJ
Dis Markers, 2014:634289


Abstract
Changes of glycosylation pattern in serum proteins have been linked to various diseases including cancer, suggesting possible development of novel biomarkers based on the glycomic analysis. In this study, N-linked glycans from human serum were quantitatively profiled by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) and compared between healthy controls and ovarian cancer patients. A training set consisting of 40 healthy controls and 40 ovarian cancer cases demonstrated an inverse correlation between P value of ANOVA and area under the curve (AUC) of each candidate biomarker peak from MALDI-TOF MS, providing standards for the classification. A multibiomarker panel composed of 15 MALDI-TOF MS peaks resulted in AUC of 0.89, 80~90% sensitivity, and 70~83% specificity in the training set. The performance of the biomarker panel was validated in a separate blind test set composed of 23 healthy controls and 37 ovarian cancer patients, leading to 81~84% sensitivity and 83% specificity with cut-off values determined by the training set. Sensitivity of CA-125, the most widely used ovarian cancer marker, was 74% in the training set and 78% in the test set, respectively. These results indicate that MALDI-TOF MS-mediated serum N-glycan analysis could provide critical information for the screening of ovarian cancer.